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ISSN 2391-9361


Edition circulation: 130 copies


1 3(12)/2015/1

Energy certification of buildings in the light of the new legal framework

Abstract: The energy certificate provides relevant information on the building partitions, central heating, hot water, internal energy gains, etc. This information is important in the context of the building's thermal energy. The article indicates arguments that speak for made in the "new" law legislative changes in the system of energy certification of buildings, but also demonstrated shortcomings. The purpose of the article was to present legislative records changes made at the end of 2014, energy certification of buildings.

Keywords: energy certificate, the Law on the energy performance of buildings, energy efficiency
p. 9 pobierz
2 3(12)/2015/2

Henryk BADURA, Dariusz MUSIOŁ
Proposals for marking escape routes in coal mines

Abstract: The chapter presents the sources of fire danger in the mines and the requirements of mining regulations regarding to the escape routes in mines. Present state of escape route markings is represented. The main part of the article is to provide proposed by the authors ways of marking escape routes. The authors propose the application of reflective signs and so-called " life safety rope". The life safety rope consist of suspension cable and fasten markers. Life safety rope simplify crossing by escape routes, even in conditions of total lack of visibility. The study demonstrates that the average transition speed in conditions of total lack of visibility, is about 39 m/min, it is even slightly higher than the average speed in terms of smoky average, used to calculate times of transition the escape routes.

Keywords: coal mines, the risk of fire, escape routes, transition speed
p. 17 pobierz
3 3(12)/2015/3

Witold BIAŁY
Internal audits – case study

Abstract: The purpose of the article was to analyze internal audits carried out in the company, based on example from the energy industry. Internal audit is the basic method of quality management system, which is applied in strategic control Quality management system improvement has a significant impact on the management, affecting the company appearance, shaping its brand image.The elaboration contains collating of the most appearance observations in view of their repeatability, concerning the defined effects. Next, there were interpreted their causes and proposed improvements to the unfavourable trends. There were also pointed out the corrective and preventive actions which eliminate the causes of potential incompatibilities in order to improve the existing system.

Keywords: PN-EN ISO 9001:2009, internal audits, analysis, incompatibilities, processes, areas, corrective actions
p. 29 pobierz
4 3(12)/2015/4

Economic and environmental benefits resulting from the changes of standards for the values of heat transfer coefficients in buildings

Abstract: Final energy consumption in the residential sector in Poland in relation to final energy consumption in all sectors of the economy stands at about 30%. The thermal insulation of building walls, constructed in order to reduce the energy demand of buildings for heating is economically justified. Hence the amendment of legislation in reducing the heat transfer coefficient of various elements of the building is most desired. The paper examined the economic and environmental benefits arising from changes in the value of heat transfer coefficient in the legislation. Normative values of this coefficient to be implemented in 2017 are justified economically and ecologically in Polish conditions. The payback periods of economic costs related to larger thicknesses of thermal insulation (from the requirements for 2014 to the requirements since 2017) emerge within 2-8 years, and environmental costs in the range of 1-5 years, depending on the heat source used in the building.

Keywords: thermal insulation of building walls, economic and environmental benefits, life cycle assessment
p. 40 pobierz
5 3(12)/2015/5

The professional burnout – characteristics of the phenomenon and manners of the counteraction

Abstract: The presented article dealt with the problem of the professional burnout, presented characteristics of the phenomenon, his causes, effects, and methods of the prevention and the counteraction for phenomenon. The issue of the professional burnout is universal, since is reaching more and more wide crowds of employees. Increasing this problem can be a matter of concern, because is bringing a lot of adverse effects, among others: affects the medical condition, safety other and to the development of the personality, for functioning of the individual in the society and for a career. He can lead in consequence to heavy losses incurred by enterprises, employers and very employees. They in our country more and more often hear about the need of the counteraction for professional burnout, diverse programs of the prevention, as well as preventive institutions are formed.

Keywords: professional burnout, professional stress, effects of the professional burnout
p. 54 pobierz
6 3(12)/2015/6

Occupational dieseases beside technological progress in the mining industry

Abstract: The article presents the problem of mining workers incidence of occupational diseases. We analyzed the statistics of occupational diseases in the years 2009-2013 and the characteristics and effects of the most common diseases among miners. Shows the influence of mining-technical factors on condition of the health risks of miners during the exploitation of the deposit. The current trends in the development of technical measures to improve the prevention of occupational diseases we analyzed too.

Keywords: occupational disease, mining hazard, prevention of occupational diseases
p. 69 pobierz
7 3(12)/2015/7

The role of leaders in shaping the quality in the context of preparation of self-assessment for the polish quality award competition

Abstract: This paper tries to identify the role of the leaders in shaping the quality within an organization. It describes the area as well as the range of the influence of leaders in organizations. The relationship between leadership strategy and other strategies adopted in the companies was indicated. Moreover, an attempt was made to determine the influence of the leaders on particular stages of implementation as well as functioning of the quality management system in the enterprise. It also presents the role of leadership according to the Polish Quality Award criteria. An analysis indicating the areas of leaders’ influence was conducted on the basis of a survey and interviews carried out in a group of participants of one of the trainings on the preparation of self-assessment for the Polish Quality Award competition.

Keywords: leader, quality management system, Total Quality Leadership, self-assessment, the Polish Quality Award
p. 81 pobierz
8 3(12)/2015/8

Krzysztof KURUS, Barbara BIAŁECKA
Capabilities and limitations of decreasing mercury load in polish bituminous coal in the production process

Abstract: Mercury is one of the most toxic elements contained in bituminous coal. Poland is considered to be the biggest Hg emitter of European Union because of significant carbonization of its economy. It is possible to greatly decrease the mercury load in the production processes of hard coal. Poland’s problem is the large share of raw coals use in power engineering. The Hg content in raw coal remains unchanged. Increasing the range of coal enrichment in polish collieries is feasible but difficult because of current market situation. The reduction of Hg content in bituminous coal could be possible by addition of product of larger granulation to average the fuel quality. However these coals are traditionally used for household heating.

Keywords: bituminous coal, mining, coal preparation, mercury, air protection
p. 90 pobierz
9 3(12)/2015/9

Selection and preparation of candidates to the role of a quality auditor – a critical analysis

Abstract: The author of this article discussed the issues of selection and preparation of the candidates to the role of a quality auditor which appear to be important factors influencing the process itself as well as the results of an audit process. He also developed his own procedure in this respect which is divided into 10 stages. There is a clear division of activities that are related to the preparation of the auditor and those which are related to the preparation of the lead auditor. At each stage the actions which are necessary to secure a proper conduct of this preparation were presented. The whole procedure was thoroughly analysed. The author also paid attention to possible threats appearing in various stages of the procedure as well as he presented common mistakes made by organizations. In conclusion, he said that the selection as well as proper preparation of candidates to the role of a quality auditor has a significant impact on the effects of their work. Therefore, an organization and especially the person managing the audit process should take the responsibility for taking actions and the effects resulting from these actions.

Keywords: quality auditor, preparation of candidates, procedure, threats and errors
p. 99 pobierz
10 3(12)/2015/10

Klaudia ŁAZUKA, Witold BIAŁY
Good practices reclamation as a manifestation of the effectiveness of the management for example Carolina center in Ostrava

Abstract: The article presents good practices reclamation in the context of the effectiveness of management. Special attention is paid to the concept of good practice, showing them as action, as opposed to the same rules of conduct, rules or ideas that are integrally linked with the complex process of reclamation. Discussed actions that were taken in what is now Nova Karolina in Ostrava. From the article emerges historical image of ancient sites supplies that currently serve residents for different purposes and significantly increase the attractiveness of the region where they are located.

Keywords: post-mining areas, reclamation, good practice
p. 109 pobierz
11 3(12)/2015/11

Katarzyna MIDOR, Marek LENART
Keizen system implementation in an automotive company – case study

Abstract: In the 21st century one cannot avoid combining the modern model of production management with the philosophy of continuous improvement. This is particularly visible in the automotive branch. The automotive market is characterized by very high dynamics, constantly increasing requirements from customers as well as requirements resulting from the changing (stricter) legal regulations: fumes emission standard, safety level, restrictions in the use of various kinds of materials etc. To meet the demands and ensure their enterprises’ competitiveness on the market, producers are introducing modern, proven methods of management and organisation. They willingly base their activity on Lean Management principles. The major tools (co-dependent and mutually supportive) of this method include: VSM, 5S, TPM, SMED. However, transferring Japanese management systems into European conditions alone does not guarantee success. This results from the fact that Far Eastern concepts originate from the culture-bound Keizen philosophy, which is based on team work. The major pillar of the Keizen philosophy is engagement of all the employees in the improvement process, which contradicts lower-level employees’ individualism, so deeply rooted in Western culture. The strength of Keizen lies in the fact that while using the existing tools, the developed technology as well as the knowledge and experience of employees, it does not require high expenditures, changing an enterprise on a step-by-step basis. This gives a considerable advantage over the Western approach, mainly based on innovative, expensive activities, which require the engagement of specialists and lead to big, rapid changes. In the article a manner of implementing in an automotive company have been presented.

Keywords: Kaizen, management, quality, quality effects, system, continuous improvement
p. 119 pobierz
12 3(12)/2015/12

Mining dumping and aquatic environment on the mining areas of the Czech Republic

Abstract: Karviny Region is an area in the Czech Republic, recognized as the most ecologically threatened. There are many landform changes caused by mining, conducted without the goaf backfilling. In addition to the deformation of the area, which has a negative impact on the ecosystem also is noticed breaching of water conditions. This area is characterized by a large number of hollows and basins having a several hundred meters depth. depending on local hydrogeological conditions some hollows are filled with water, thereby creating a floodplain. The elaboration presents the status of water quality of three chosen reservoirs, caused by coal mining, in the Czech Republic. These three reservoirs, which are located in different places were analysed using a comparative approach.

Keywords: mining dump, the aquatic environment, analysis, Czech Republic
p. 132 pobierz
13 3(12)/2015/13

Kamilla PALKA, Witold BIAŁY
The perspectives of post mining terrains reclamation in the city of Bohumin – case study

Abstract: The process of land reclamation reaches many industrial wasteland. However, the surface of post-mining land requires a lot of activities and budgets to level any remaining of the old infrastructure located in this area. The Upper Silesia region, covering both areas on the Polish and Czech side, is known to be principal region, where the underground coal mining process is running. As a result of mining activities, land-mine and area lying near to the mine begin to transform. Therefore landscape area is changing and there are various kinds of destruction of land, residential buildings and roads. The actions related to the restoration of the utility value of degraded areas should consistently carried out, looking primarily from the inhabitants of surrounding area point of view. The excavated area of reclamation and its proper management, in the future can bring huge benefits for the city and its inhabitants.

Keywords: Bohumin city, mine, excavated areas, reclamation, land management, conference center, logistics center
p. 142 pobierz
14 3(12)/2015/14

The selected engineering means and ways of improvement of older persons’ quality of life

Abstract: In the article, funded for statutory research performed in Institute of Production Engineering of Silesian University of Technology the subject matter of the selected contemporary engineering means and ways of improvement of quality of old persons’ life was presented. The focus is on universal design, which aims to develop the system and its surroundings in such a way that it is accessible to all people, to the greatest possible extent, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. The article also describes Technology Assessment philosophy, which assumes the use of data on opinions about the exploitation of technical means, expressed by their exploiters (users/maintainers) in operation and maintenance management or design of technical means. It also presents the gerontology basics as the study of technology and aging to improve the old peoples’ everyday life. The end of the article are conclusions, which includes information on perspectives of research performed in the future.

Keywords: older persons, gerontotechnology, technology management, universal design (design for all), exploitation
p. 152 pobierz
15 3(12)/2015/15

Evaluation of the functioning of e-government in Bytom from the viewpoint of handicapped

Abstract: This paper presents a performance evaluation of e-government at the town hall in Bytom. The study was conducted among people with disabilities of varying degrees of disability. Result analysis allowed us to formulate the following problems that occur in the evaluation of persons with disabilities in the functioning of e-government: they concern matters customer monitoring system on the platform of e-government and speed of service delivery. The problem is significant, especially since the speed of the operation is cited as one of the main advantages of e-government. From the perspective of a disabled person a very important advantage of e-government is the possibility of resolving the case without leaving home, no queues.

Keywords: disability, quality of services, public administration, e-services, e-government
p. 162 pobierz
16 3(12)/2015/16

Implementation of life cycle assessment in case of determining the external costs in conventional combined heat and power plant functioning in Poland - case study

Abstract: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a technique used in many areas of the economy. LCA methodology is based on the ISO 14040 series and is used in the SimaPro 7.3 software. The article presents another possibility of use SimaPro, as an indicator of external and environ-mental costs in case of the functioning plant in Poland (which complements the program Ex-ternE - External Electricity Costs). The energy industry is largely responsible for global air pollution, but also affects other ecosystems. The article presents a comparative assessment of (using the Eco-indicator method 99 of SimaPro program) production of energy from conventional combustion of solid fuels (coal and gas). More over the differences in the environmental impact of selected Polish power plants are noted and the causes of differences and their impact on external costs are also discussed.

Keywords: non-renewable resources, external costs, life cycle assessment, cogeneration, con-current combustion
p. 172 pobierz


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