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ISSN - 2391-9361

Volume 7, issue 3

Edition circulation: 130 copies

Part one





vol. 7, iss. 3/1

Technological progress and the means of contemporary creation of human space  

Abstract: The aim of the article is to analyze processes observed in contemporary urban space determining its use and perception, and an attempt to determine who and how should participate in the process of creating space in order to improve its aesthetic and functional quality in the face of dynamic changes occurring in the present Times. 

Key words: Contemporary city, technology, transformation into cyborgs, hybridity, interactivity

str. 9



vol. 7, iss. 3/2 

”The second life” – how does form determine functions  

Abstract: Using the natural skills of interpretation and reinterpretation, we are able to give "the second life" to items, architectural objects and phenomena. When creating it, we do not always have to design new forms that have never been known to anyone. Definitions, names, functions can be only a starting point for the further creation process. This way of thinking teaches and develops – humility and imagination. Our article is an attempt to answer several questions related to the above train of thought: Is the once given definition, the only proper one ? Is it worth trying to ”look at something differently” ? What are the consequences of creating ”the second life” ? What is the role of beauty and how to care for it ? And finally – where art and technology are connecting in this process. Can the technique be perceived as an art itself ? Our thoughts have been illustrated with several examples from various fields of artistic activity. The review of the works will allow to find answers not unequivocal, but the ones giving an opportunity for individual thoughts and conclusions about the relationship between art and technology. 

Key words: interpretation, the second life, beauty, technique, art

str. 25



vol. 7, iss. 3/3 

Magdalena GAZUR
Between tradition and modernity – Factory of Stone Potter „Manufaktura“ in Bolesławiec as an example of combining traditional ceramic techniques with new technologies 

Abstract: Bolesławiec city is the center of traditional Polish ceramics known almost all over the world. The method and strength of producing these products is a process based on human hand production. "Manufaktura" factory is one of the first to understand that in order to keep competitive advantage over the competition, they must employ a designer and change the company's policy to include new technologies and new design. In a factory with such a rich baggage of tradition and a belief in the importance of human hands, how to innovate without losing the spirit and essence of Bolesławiec products? 

Key words: ceramic, technologies, hand made

str. 34



vol. 7, iss. 3/4 


Contemporary image culture and its sources 

Abstract: The article is a historical analysis of phenomena at the interface between science, art and technology, which changed the realities of the early twentieth century due to the Kodak-induced revolution in mass culture that gave rise to the development of image culture. 

Key words: daguerreotype, calotype, wet collodion, Kodak, image culture

str. 43



vol. 7, iss. 3/5 

Early baroque art in the language of contemporary technology – comparative analysis: Villa Giulia versus the student design  

Abstract: The paper seeks to answer the question about the relationship between art and modern technology. The main assumption is to investigate the influence of technological advancements on artistic expression. A clear designer’s vision realized without contemporary construction solutions is exemplified by Villa Giulia, an early Baroque residence by G. B. da Vignola. The student design, ‘A Country House’, represents a single-family home based on modern solutions. The buildings enable comparing their features while differentiating two categories. The first category follows the contrast design principle of element arrangement and functional zoning. The latter focuses on the specific arrangement of elements and its impression effect. This includes the concept of depth and the modest exterior hiding a rich interior. The research method consists in the simplification of projections and cross-sections of these houses. Thus, it is possible to indicate distinct common features and apparent conceptual analogy between Vignola’s intent and the student vision. The conclusion is that art is meant to formulate an objective and technology should make it real in a genuine dimension. It may be observed that contemporary solutions enhance universality and adjustment of the idea of the master of Baroque architecture to the realities of the 21century man. 

Key words: Baroque, technology, contrast, space, structure

str. 56



vol. 7, iss. 3/6 

A new dimension of ceramics. Digital tools in the processes of shaping ceramics items – 3D printing  

Abstract: Ceramics has always played an important role in human life. In the last several dozen years it has become an excellent material raising the value of raw materials and materials used in distant industries. Aside from a numerous group of ceramic materials used in artistic ceramics, newer materials appear, with improved strength parameters, used in engineering ceramics. The information about the use of ceramic coatings in turbine engines or worn textile products is no longer surprising. Such a large expansion of ceramics would not have been possible if modern, innovative technologies had not appeared. The essence of progress is the change in thinking about creation and its application. Contemporary researchers, scientists, artists, and designers focus on these problems. Undoubtedly, in the near future, the digital language will almost completely supplant the analogue transmission. And the awareness of the imminent arrival of something new should be an argument that convinces contemporary artists to gradually introduce themselves in advanced technology. 

Key words: traditional ceramics, engineering ceramics, ceramic techniques, 3D printed ceramics, digital tools

str. 70



vol. 7, iss. 3/7 

Technology as a fetish  

Abstract: Our civilization is characterized by the fascination with technological achievements, all kinds of novelties that have their source in scientific discoveries or the effects of research carried out. Technological progress has certainly influenced the evolution of our behavior. It makes life easier, it inspires us, but at the same time, it evokes a sense of technology dominance. Already in the nineteenth century, the American poet and philosopher Henry David Thoreau stated: "Man has become the tool of his tools." Thoreau draws our attention to the question of submission, dependence in the context of what man created. Is man always able to control the object ? Can an object dominate a person? This seemingly naive question touches the issue of fascination with the subject in the context of its value, context, usefulness or type of technology used. In the ancient beliefs of indigenous tribal cultures, especially before the development of organized religious systems, all non-human beings possessed a soul including objects. Objects, parts of machines and devices often become modern totems, to which worship is given. Surrounded by an irrational cult, they become modern fetishes endowed with magical power whose source is mysterious or not fully understood. In the text, i undertake issues from the borderline between art and technology, where nuances, dependencies and mutual relations between them are most visible. Moments in which a specific energy exchange takes place between the subject and the user, between the object and the observer. This relationship has also become important in many of my projects, whether through a specific object or activity but also technique and method of implementation. In the second part, I present selected realizations of contemporaryartists: designers or artists in which the technological context as well as the relationship with the subject, determine the direction of their actions or inspiration. 

Key words: technology, fetish, Maciej Kasperski, ceramics

str. 87



vol. 7, iss. 3/8 

Justyna ŻAK
Glass techniques in the context of lighting design 

Abstract: The main issue of these article is to present the technological possibilities and visual advantages of glass forming techniques in the context of lighting design being innovative sources and original solutions. In addition, the publication also move the problem of the lack of natural light in the living environment of a person conditioned by geographical location, but also the insane and demanding momentum of life in big cities. The article suggests the solutions for this problem by owing to use innovative solutions for lighting with variable color temperature. 

Key words: design, glass, lighting, colors, light

str. 107



vol. 7, iss. 3/9 

Waste and garbage in architecture  

Abstract: The subjects of this paper are contemporary anti-aesthetic trends in architecture: architecture of waste and garbage, related with them conscious forms of design, based on up-cycling and pseudo-recycling, and fashion for poor and accidental architecture – architecture without the participation of architects. 

Key words: recycling, upcycling, trash-art, re-design waste

str. 117



vol. 7, iss. 3/10 

Kinetic art, kinetic design 

Abstract: Both kinetic art and kinetic design are within the scope of the author's professional activity. The author is an artist and designer and from his point of view describes the facts and examples of art objects quoted in the text. The first part of the article concerns the genesis of kinetic art. Examples of selected artists and their works that have been created over the last hundred years are shown. In the second part, the author goes on to describe his own activity in the field of kinetic art, as well as kinetic design. In the third part of the article, selected examples of student works from the Kinetic Design Studio of the Wrocław Academy of Fine Arts are described. The origin of the studio was the artist's own professional and artistic experience. 

Key words: kinetic art, kinetic design, dizajn, kinetic sculpture

str. 133



vol. 7, iss. 3/11 

Design for Fabryka Samochodów Ciężarowych Star and Jelczańskie Zakłady Samochodowe – a contribution to the history of design at the academy of Fine Artsand Design in Wroclaw  

Abstract: The article shows the background and realities of designing for JELCZ and STAR truck manufacturers in the eighties and nineties of the last century. Based on his own experience, the author makes a subjective assessment of the period before the political transformation. Referring to the methodology of design, he presents the developed methods of project implementation used by the designers of the Wroclaw School of Fine Arts, currently Eugene Geppert Academy of Fine Arts. The described examples of five implementations (case study) approximate the applied effective project procedures in the nineties of the last century. 

Key words: design, Star, Jelcz, buses, half-model

str. 149



vol. 7, iss. 3/12 


Cooperation with the industry on the example of a remote controlled demolition and construction robot project in cooperation with the Advanced Robotic Engineering Company  

Abstract: Remote controlled machinery are comprehensive and irreplaceably in industry, construction, transportation or rescue. The Author is trying to find compromise between construction machine character, attractive appearance involves of needs, restriction and users expectations. 

Key word: robot, safety, construction machines, design, ergonomics

str. 160



vol. 7, iss. 3/13 

Agnieszka KŁOS
Landscape of communities. Ants in the service of beauty  

Abstract: In 2012, the artist Elvin Flamingo realized a project entitled "The Symbiosity of Creation", which was designed for at least twenty years of existence. Its basis is ants, which in this project abolish the classic dichotomy of Nature-Culture, and at the same time they deny the classical division between the creator and his work. The co-occurrence created by the artist with ants and technology determines not only posthumanistic perspective in art, but also contributes to increasing attention to technology, technology and animal design – the human world. 

Key words: symbiosity, nature, culture, technology, posthumanism, design

str. 176



vol. 7, iss. 3/14 

Technique and formal qualities of art. Glass for example exhibition attitudes and processes – art glass of ASP Wroclaw  

Abstract: Material requires specific with him on how to proceed in order to achieve the goal in an artistic creative activity is the work. The creative process is determined by the applied technique, this implies the formal qualities, which disposes of the artist. The relationship of matter and technique creates a multi-directional area, in which the artist finds their own place-recognizes them, determines that and gives it meaning. Technology enhances the impact of the inherent characteristics of glass as a material. 

Key words: glass, technique, process, formal quality, artist

str. 184



vol. 7, iss. 3/15 

Aleksander KRÓL
Hidden but incredible – road tunnels  

Abstract: Tunnels are the objects which in general have only practical features. As far as other objects made by engineers such as viaducts or buildings aside from functional properties have aesthetic values too, the tunnels are located at the opposite end. What is more, it can be revealed that every tunnel is somewhat in contrary to the concept of object: it is just a hole, an empty space under the Earth surface. However, despite such extremely usable characteristic some more abstract ideas can be associated to the tunnels. The paper discusses the importance of tunnels for modern society, some historical facts are mentioned and the most severe dangers connected with tunnels usage are pointed out. 

Key words: road tunnel, contemporary transport, complexity, engineery

str. 202


Part two





vol. 7, iss. 3/16 

The analysis of selected indicators of blast furnace operation efficiency  

Abstract: The analysis of selected indicators of blast furnace operation efficiency was presented in the paper. Indicators, that were selected, allowed to access the efficiency of operating time of blast furnace and the quantity of production. The analysis was carried out for one of blast furnaces operating in Poland and covered one calendar year. Then, the analysis of factors influencing the reduction of efficiency of blast furnace was made. 

Key words: blast furnace, efficiency, work time, yield

str. 217



vol. 7, iss. 3/17 

Marzena OGÓREK, Zbigniew SKUZA, Tadeusz FRACZEK

Characteristics of ion nitriding with the active screen of non-nitriding metallic materials  

Abstract: In the article for a selected group of non-nitrite materials (austenitic steels: X5CrNi18-10, X2CrNiMo17-12-2, technical titanium Ti99.2, titanium alloy Ti6Al4V), the properties of the surface layers (nitrogen diffusion depth, hardness, abrasiveness) obtained as a result of the nitriding process were compared an ionic sample placed directly on the cathode and a sample placed on the cathode using the active screen. The obtained results clearly indicate that in this case the "active screen" method is more effective. The attractiveness of this innovative method can be additionally demonstrated by the fact that implementing it to industrial conditions is a simple almost cost-free operation (costs associated with the creation of an active screen). 

Key words: ion nitriding, active screen, non-nitriding materials, efficiency
str. 228  pobierz


vol. 7, iss. 3/18 

The impact of organizational culture and the style of targeting employees' satisfaction  

Abstract: The organization is most often defined as a group of people cooperating with each other in a systematic, coordinated and orderly manner, aimed at achieving a goal. The most important for the proper functioning of the organization is its proper management, that is "a summary of activities directed to the resources of the organization and performed with the intention of achieving the organization's goals in an efficient and effective manner". The most important influence on the behavior of people has the organizational culture adopted in each organization. Among the recognized definitions, it is a collection of common beliefs, values, rituals, stories, myths, specific language, supporting the sense of community among the members of the organization. Organizational culture indicates how members form a mutual relationship within the team and how they relate to the good or the common goal. 

Key words: organizational culture, management styles, employee satisfaction, human resources
str. 239  pobierz
19 vol. 7, iss. 3/19 

Analysis of relationships between selected aspects of enterprise management and knowledge management capabilities  

Abstract: This study attempts to analyze selected issues related to the company's management style, the existing variant of the organizational structure and the general assumptions of the knowledge management system. The main purpose of the study was to identify trends and dependencies between the aforementioned factors and the size of enterprises or the type of activity they carry out. In individual companies, the questionnaire was always filled in by the representative of the company's top management. 

Key words: knowledge, knowledge management, human resources
str. 252  pobierz
20 vol. 7, iss. 3/20 

Application of Pareto analysis and Ishikawa diagram to analysis of causes of non-conformity in the process of production of farm goods household  

Abstract: The article discusses elementary issues related to internal audit, also presents quality management tools such as the Pareto-Lorenz diagram and the Ishikawa diagram. The analyzes carried out allowed to identify the most significant defects found in the manufactured products. An in-depth analysis of the most common non-conformity that discoloration has made it possible to identify the reasons for its formation and propose appropriate corrective actions. 

Keys word: internal audit, quality, analiysis Pareto, Ishikawa diagram
str. 262  pobierz
21 vol. 7, iss. 3/21 

Diana KRAL
Analysis of the impact of the controlling operational system on the unit’s operating result  

Abstract: The article fits into the issues of increasing effectiveness processes in today's companies. It attempts to present possibilities that company can benefit from by gathering and using knowledge to manage company's operational activity effectively. The purpose of the article is to show relation between the application of the operational controlling tools in the company and results achieved by current operations. Tests conducted in the company introducing operational controlling in its operations allowed to confirm hypothesis that the application of the operational controlling system has a direct impact on results of operational growth of an entity. Indicated relation was observed in eight out of nine analysed company's branches. Testing dependencies was conducted as a comparison of operational financial performance of each branch, both before and after introducing of the operational controlling system. 

Key words: controlling, operational controlling, management decisions, processes effectiveness, entity's operational result
str. 271  pobierz
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